Under periodontal disease is understood a complex destructive process that occurs in the tissues of the gums. The causes and factors of the development of this disease are still being studied by specialists, but there is as yet no exact answer to the question of why it arises.
One of the most likely motives for the appearance of periodontal disease is a genetic predisposition, many diseases of vital body systems, as well as non-compliance with hygiene standards.
Periodontosis requires compulsory and immediate treatment at the earliest stages of development since the disease subsequently causes irreversible changes, the development of which can only be stopped, but not cured.
Symptoms of periodontal disease
To get alerted and consult a specialist, if you find:
- Change the colour of the gum tissue (the colour becomes pale, with no signs of inflammation).
- The gums lower, revealing part of the root of the tooth. Externally it looks as if the tooth is slightly elongated.
- Periodic visits to the dentist for the prevention of periodontal disease are indicated for patients who have various metabolic disorders, as well as those suffering from cardiovascular diseases.
Modern diagnostic methods
In addition to the external examination, the following diagnostic methods are used to accurately identify the stage of the disease and plan the stages of treatment:
- X-ray examination of the oral cavity.
Treatment of periodontal disease
The effectiveness of treatment of periodontal disease largely depends on the stage of the disease and on the number of missing teeth in the patient (including those that need to be removed). This is due to the increase in the masticatory load on healthy teeth, which will inevitably lead to an acceleration of the process of destruction of bone tissue, and to loosening of these teeth.
The treatment process begins with the professional removal of plaque and hard deposits near the gums. The procedure is performed by ultrasound and is necessary because it is in this environment that the active activity of bacteria causing inflammatory processes is conducted.
The next stage is an anti-inflammatory therapy. In the early stages of the disease, the patient is prescribed rinsing and gum treatment with a special gel. In more severe cases, a course of antibiotics is prescribed. In addition, in parallel, it is necessary to perform sanation of the oral cavity – remove rotten teeth, replace old, uncomfortable fillings, heal caries.
When the process of loosening of teeth begins, this method of treatment is used, such as splinting, to prevent the fan-shaped divergence of the teeth. It is often a preparatory procedure before surgical intervention.
Surgical methods are used in neglected cases when there is a need to remove periodontal pockets (at a depth of 5-10 mm).
Prosthetic dentistry is a necessary condition for the successful treatment of periodontal disease. Especially if there is already a fan-shaped discrepancy of the teeth.
And, of course, to achieve positive results will help attentive treatment of teeth, and mandatory compliance with all hygiene standards.