Traditionally, when planning pregnancy more attention is paid to women’s health, while successful conception is almost equally dependent on both partners.
Usually, it does not take into account that even initially able to fertilize the sperm is a great environment for the development of pathogens, due to which the reproductive potential of males can greatly decrease or even come to naught. Medical factors that could have a negative impact on male fertility, successful conception is determined by 25-30%, respectively, if the couple is planning a pregnancy, men need to be examined by a urologist and andrologist to determine the presence of sexually transmitted diseases, chronic or acute prostatitis, as well as the evaluation of sperm . The reduced reproductive capacity of males can cause sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, ureoplazmoz, trichomoniasis. If the couple is planning a pregnancy, a man needs to do the analysis for the presence of these diseases, as well as the following pathogenic organisms and viruses: Neisseria gonorrhoeae, herpes simplex virus, human papillomavirus, gardnerelly, cytomegalovirus, streptococcus group B. If conception does not occur for a long period time should be spent semen analysis, an analysis of the physical and chemical properties of sperm, as well as the number and mobility of sperm in it. The estimated amount of ejaculate semen analysis, color and acidity level. Normally, the sperm must be allocated in the volume of not less than two milliliters at a time, its color must be white-grayish. If you ejaculate too red, it indicates the presence of blood in it. If semen is transparent, it contains small amounts of sperm. Raising or lowering the acidity level of ejaculate indicate inflammatory processes in the urogenital system or violations of the testes or prostate. As estimated time of semen liquefaction. If the viscosity of the ejaculate is inadequate – the period of its liquefaction is less than half an hour, which would indicate a lack of energy reserves of sperm. In this case, the sperm may not be enough time and energy on something to get to the egg. Of great importance is the concentration of sperm in the ejaculate. Normally, on account of one milliliter of 20 to 120 pcs million. If the concentration is significantly lower or higher than the norm, it reduces the likelihood of conception. In addition, during sperm motility is evaluated, as well as the percentage of pathological forms in the ejaculate. The optimal content of 60-70 percent of active spermatozoa and sperm in the presence of pathological forms in an amount of not more than half of the total number of sperm.